The Adana agreement between the then Turkish President, Saleyman Demirel, and the late Syrian President Hafez al-Assad was re-discussed in foreign policy circles last week, 21 years after it was signed. Both Turkey and the Syrian regime`s regional ally, Russia, agree that the agreement remains relevant and should be implemented. Russia will encourage the Syrian government and Kurdish forces to conclude agreements and implement them after a Turkish operation in northeastern Syria that began last week, RIA Lavrov quoted. Syrian President Bashar al-Assad rejected the idea that the agreement had been signed under pressure and said he had approved it because he had decided that the best thing for Syria was “to be friends with the Turkish people”, which he said was not reconciled with Syrian support for Kurdish groups.  The provisions of the agreement open a legal avenue for Turkey to act in Syria, with the full agreement of Russia. The Adana agreement, signed by Turkey and Syria on 20 October 1998, was the most critical topic on the agenda of the meeting between Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Russian President Vladimir Putin on 23 January. The two heads of state and government discussed the agreement at their joint press conference. Putin stressed that the 20-year-old agreement between Ankara and Damascus remained binding, while Erdogan stressed its importance and said Turkey would keep it on its agenda. It was the first meeting between the two heads of state since the announcement of the U.S. decision to withdraw its troops from Syria. That is why their discussions were already important – and the issue of the Adana agreement became even more important. What is this 1998 agreement and why is it back on the agenda after seven years of conflict in Syria? The Adana agreement was signed at a time when relations between Turkey and Syria were tense and neighbours were on the brink of war.
Damascus had allowed Abdullah Ocalan, leader of the Kurdistan Workers` Party (PKK), who is now serving a life sentence on the Turkish island of Imrali, to protect and direct the terrorist organization`s activities for several years within its borders. When Turkey threatened to act militarily, Damascus deported Ocalan and closed PKK camps in the country. The Adana agreement should help restore bilateral relations. It was finally concluded after Iranian Foreign Minister Kemal Harrazi and Egyptian Foreign Minister Amr Moussa intervened on behalf of their presidents. Some have described the agreement as a Turkish-Syrian version of the Camp David agreement signed by Egypt and Israel. Ankara accuses the Syrian regime of not respecting the agreement and says it must enter Syria to protect its borders from the PKK YPG member organization. The Adana agreement also provided for Turkey and Syria to enter into a reciprocal agreement in which they abstained from any military activity that would jeopardize the security of the other. Lavrov said the Turkish operation had allowed Islamic State fighters to escape.
He added that Moscow would support security cooperation between Turkish and Syrian forces along their border. Although the agreement is still in force on a technical level, Turkey, since the start of the war in Syria in 2011, has sought the removal of President Bashar al-Assad, thus severely grating diplomatic relations. On the same side as Turkey on the relevance of the Adana agreement, Russia asserts that the agreement aims to ensure the security of the Turkish border. Moscow says, however, it supports a dialogue between the Assad regime and the YPG. Syria`s decision to expel Ocalan and negotiate with Turkey was linked to its concern about the strength of the Turkish army in the face of its own weakness. However, a few years later, Syrian President Bashar Assad said in an interview that “the deportation of Ocalan was not out of fear, but because we preferred you. We could either be friends with the Turkish people, or prefer the Kurds and lose you.
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Proposition 17-3 The Fair Work Ombudsman should develop, in collaboration with the Australian Domestic and Family Clearing House, the Australian Council of Trade Unions and employers` organisations, a guide for negotiating domestic violence clauses in enterprise agreements. 17.59 Most stakeholders also stressed the need not to set up an educational campaign for violent families.  For example, Women`s Health Victoria stated that agreement-based transition instruments include various collective agreements and collective agreements that could be concluded before July 1, 2009 under the former Workplace Relations Act 1996. These include transitional individual contracts (ITEAs) concluded during the “transition period” (July 1, 2009-December 31, 2009). These agreements will continue to function as transitional instruments based on agreements until they are denounced or replaced. For more information on how to negotiate in good faith and in companies that have proven themselves, see the Ombudsman`s Guide to Good Practice for Fair Work – improving productivity at work in negotiations. (b) ensure the confidentiality of the personal data disclosed; Workers who suffer from domestic violence often need immediate flexibility or regime change to deal with unforeseen circumstances due to domestic violence, and “the IFA does not really take into account these emergency situations that require flexibility,” even if employers are willing to negotiate an IFA;  17.22 Stakeholders also noted that AFIs must meet the real needs of the employee and employer. The National Network of Working Women`s Centres (NNWWC) reported that, based on their experience, “most employers … [see] is not the need for an employee to deal with something that is related to domestic violence, such as their problem.  The Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse (ADFVC) agreed and explained that research had shown in practice that women were generally less likely to enter into individual negotiations with an employer than men. Low-paid and low-skilled workers and part-time workers – all characteristics of women`s employment – have less bargaining power than full-time, higher-paid and more skilled workers.  Any enterprise agreement must include a concept of flexibility with individual modalities of flexibility.