even at the next Addis Ababa summit. We invite IGAD to appoint a permanent chair of the Joint Monitoring and Assessment Committee to oversee the implementation of the agreement. In addition to the economic volatility associated with fluctuations in oil prices, there is considerable uncertainty about South Sudan`s debt and resource commitments. Many outstanding government bonds are likely to be based on future oil bonds. South Sudan`s complex network of operations protected from expected and unreported oil yields, and South Sudan`s failure to comply with agreements with former financial service providers (such as commodity trader Trafigura) repatriated many traders before entering South Sudan. This has led to increasingly predatory business activities over the past two years, with traders and intermediaries prioritizing short-term profits. Partial division of electricity. Partial power-sharing would be impossible if only a few of the signatories to the agreement were to take up their duties, while others decided not to return to Juba, but to retain their status as warring parties. This may be the case, for example. B, from Machar, if other provisions, especially those concerning security, are not implemented. This is the most likely way forward based on the recent history of the ARCSS. In this scenario, Kiir would endeavour to ensure the implementation with the cooperation of those who took office, while continuing to expose the agreement in a manner that was favourable to its interests and, if necessary, largely governed by Fiat.
In this scenario, Kiir would strengthen previous decisions – such as the unilateral decree that divides the country into 32 states – while continuing to try to create the conditions for his re-election. This scenario is significantly closest to the status quo since July 2016. Moreover, the idea of compensating victims of war seems progressive, given the obligations of international law arising from statements such as the declaration of fundamental principles of justice for victims of crime and abuse of power (1985); the Convention against Torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment (1984); and the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (1948). This would help strengthen the legitimacy of the newest state within the international community. Nevertheless, Kiir`s priority in rebuilding infrastructure and rebuilding the livelihoods of the South Sudanese people should be welcome, unless it is used as a diversion to underestimate and neglect the benefits of the compensation and reparation system. In general, compensation and reparations should be taken seriously as essential elements of transitional justice, national healing and reconciliation, as well as key aspects of any post-conflict situation. The signing in September 2018 of the revitalization agreement to resolve the conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS) by long-time rivals Salva Kiir and Riek Machar in Khartoum was hailed as a breakthrough in the reversal of the brutal civil war that, since its launch in December 2013, has claimed the lives of 400,000 people and displaced more than 4 million people.