Tashkent Agreement Main Points

After the independence of British rule, India remained a permanent threat to Pakistan`s security when congressional leaders soon began to reverse the division. India illegally conquered many areas of Pakistan by hooks or crooks and one of these controversial territories was the state of Kashmir. The first war for Kashmir took place in 1947-1948. The Second War took place in 1965 because of the same question, which was expressive of the inherent hostility between the neighbours. The war began on September 6, when India took Pakistan by crossing the international border in the darkness of the night. In seventeen days, thousands of people have been deployed on both sides of the Earth. The United States and the Soviet Union have forced the United Nations to play its part in the peaceful settlement and to compel it to resolve all problems between the two countries amicably, as war undermines world peace. The efforts of the United Nations brought peace because the two countries agreed to a ceasefire. In addition, Soviet Prime Minister Alexei Kosygin also played an important role in bringing countries to the negotiating table when he invited both sides to Tashkent. Absolutely to my personal opinion under no circumstances, India should be attacked for the deal for (1) it Pakistan, India and attacked … It is customary to have an agreement after a conflict to bring about a ceasefire and, if possible, to resolve the problems associated with war. A peace agreement was called “to restore normal and peaceful relations between their countries and promote understanding and friendly relations between their peoples.” The main point was the withdrawal from the positions of August 5 and with India had to recover the haji pir and other areas. This was the time when the Soviet Union wanted Pakistan not to join the Chinese camp and was therefore ready to continue playing with Pakistan despite its close relations with the United States.

Z A Bhutto, Pakistan`s foreign minister, paid a visit to the Soviet Union, followed by Ayub in April 1965. Several trade and economic cooperations were signed and a cultural agreement was signed in June 1965. Ayub found the strategic environment in Pakistan`s favor and releezed its powers to find a military solution to the Kashmir issue. Ayub was encouraged by the fact that during the invasion of the Kutch Rann, China supported Pakistan and the United Kingdom supported Rann of Kutch Agreement gave Pakistan hope that international pressure would prevail over India. However, the Soviet Union was ready to play a greater role in resolving the conflict. Moscow had accepted that the unrest in Kashmir was caused by Pakistan. The Soviet Union had also supported India within the UNSC on the technical points and objections of the former. Moscow has supported India to ensure that the UNSC only deals with the settlement of the armed conflict and does not address the Issue of Kashmir. India has also received assurances of Soviet support in the event of a Chinese attack. The Chinese received the message, as Mao Zedong later revealed to Ayub, that in the event of nuclear war, the target would be Beijing, not Rawalpindi. The relationship between the international policy of the Cold War and the Indo-Pak War of 1965 is important in two respects. First, the international policy of the Cold War had an impact on the nature of the conflict and the agreement that followed.

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