8.5 a) LICENSEE provides HARVARD and its current or former directors, Board members, directors, administrators, administrators, teachers, medical and professional staff, collaborators and agents, as well as their successors, heirs and beneficiaries of the assignment (together the “INDEMNITEES”) of and against any free claim, liability, cost, cost, damage, defect, loss or obligation of any kind (including , but not limited to legal and other litigation costs and costs) (collectively “claims”) that are based on this agreement, arising from or other means related to this agreement, including, but not limited to, liability measures as a result of products, processes or services manufactured, used or sold pursuant to legislation or licensing granted under this agreement. A non-exclusive commercial license under PATENT RIGHTS and a non-exclusive Commericial license for the use of biological materials for the manufacture, use and use, sale and sale of the products granted and the exercise of the processes granted during the duration of the patent rights. These licences do not include the right to issue sublicensings. (a) “Statement of Policy in Regard to Inventions, Patents and Copyrights,” August 10, 1998, Public Law 96-517, Public Law 98-620 and HARVARD`s obligations under agreements with other sponsors of research. Any law that is greater than the law authorized by public law 96-517 or by public law 98-620 is subject to an amendment to the extent necessary to comply with the provisions of these statutes. At the end of the day, there is no one-way approach to exclusivity. Each company must decide whether an exclusive licensing agreement is worth paying a high-end price or whether it would be sufficient to obtain guarantees for limited competition in a particular geographic area or sector, often at a much lower price. Note, however, that this classification is not restrictive. There are also other types of licenses. For example, in the case of licenses known as “co-exclusive,” the licensee issues a license to more than one licensee, but accepts that it licenses only a limited group of other takers.
In addition, the so-called “individual licenses” are those in which the licence is exclusive, i.e. there would be no more takers, but the licensee also reserves full rights for the exploitation of its intellectual property. Non-exclusive licenses can also be beneficial to end-users of products developed around licensed intellectual property – through competition.